CBD Health Benefits

Cannabidiol, or CBD health benefits, are quickly changing the debate surrounding the use of marijuana as a medicine.

Most people have heard of a compound called THC, which is the ingredient in cannabis that gets users high. But recently, attention has shifted to another compound in marijuana called CBD — and for good reason. CBD does not get you high, it is non-psychoactive and the CBD health benefits are escalating!

Because while most people can’t seem to look past certain side effects of THC (getting high, paranoia, anxiousness, appetite stimulant, short-term memory loss), CBD doesn’t appear to present those problem. On the other hand, evidence of CBD health benefits continues to grow.

Here are five facts that you should know about this unique compound:

1. CBD is a key ingredient in cannabis

CBD is a compound found in cannabis that belongs to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. Of these compounds, CBD and THC are usually present in the highest concentrations, and are therefore the most recognized and studied. Scientists have identified 483 different chemical compounds in cannabis. For the vast majority of these, the medicinal effect is not yet known. Most research focuses on just a few of these compounds and their effect on the brain. Other compounds in cannabis include THCV, CBG, CBN, CBC among others.

CBD and THC levels tend to vary among different plant strains. Marijuana grown for recreational purposes often contains more THC than CBD. Although THC and CBD health benefits are equally impressive.

By using selective breeding techniques, cannabis breeders have managed to create varieties with high levels of CBD and next to zero levels of THC. These strains are are becoming more popular in recent years.

At our FlowerChild Gardens we have developed at strain that is a 36:1 CBD to THC ratio, one of the highest I’ve seen yet. For example the well known ACDC strain is around 20:1 CBD:THC. This strain has been bred with some potent medical strains of both THC and CBD and the CBD health benefits are proving to be amazing. This CBD oil will be available for purchase Winter 2017.

2. CBD is non-psychoactive

Unlike THC, CBD does not cause a “high”. While this makes CBD a poor choice for recreational users, it gives CBD a significant advantage as a medicine for those not wanting to get high. Many people are now enjoying the CBD health benefits of cannabis without the stigma associated with marijuana.

CBD is non-psychoactive because it does not act on the same pathways as THC. These pathways, called CB1 receptors, are highly concentrated in the brain and are responsible for the mind-altering effects of THC.

A 2011 review published in Current Drug Safety concludes that CBD “does not interfere with several psychomotor and psychological functions.” The authors add that several studies suggest that CBD is “well tolerated and safe” even at high doses.

3. CBD has a wide range of medical and health benefits

Although CBD and THC act on different pathways of the body, they seem to have many of the same medical benefits. According to a 2013 review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, studies have found CBD to possess the following medical properties:

Medical Properties of CBD Effects
Antiemetic Reduces nausea and vomiting
Anticonvulsant Suppresses seizure activity
Antipsychotic Combats psychosis disorders
Anti-inflammatory Combats inflammatory disorders
Anti-oxidant Combats neurodegenerative disorders
Anti-tumoral/Anti-cancer Combats tumor and cancer cells
Anxiolytic/Anti-depressant Combats anxiety and depression disorders

Unfortunately, most of this evidence comes from animals, since very few studies on CBD have been carried out in human patients.

But a pharmaceutical version of CBD was recently developed by a drug company based in the UK. The company, GW Pharmaceuticals, is now funding clinical trials on CBD as a treatment for schizophrenia and certain types of epilepsy.

Likewise, a team of researchers at the California Pacific Medical Center, led by Dr. Sean McAllister, has stated that they hope to begin trials on CBD as a breast cancer therapy.

4. CBD reduces the negative effects of THC

CBD seems to offer natural protection against the marijuana high. Numerous studies suggest that CBD acts to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC, such as memory impairment and paranoia.

CBD also appears to counteract the sleep-inducing effects of THC, which may explain why some strains of cannabis are known to increase alertness.

Both CBD and THC have been found to present no risk of lethal overdose. However, to reduce potential side effects, medical users may be better off using cannabis with higher levels of CBD.

5. CBD is still illegal

Even though CBD shows much promise as a medicine, it remains illegal in many parts of the world. CBD is classified as a Schedule I drug in the United States and a Schedule II drug in Canada.

On Dec. 14 2016, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) made it clear that any marijuana-based extract is considered a Schedule I drug under federal law, including CBD oils and other types of CBD-rich extracts.

On the other hand, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved a request to trial a pharmaceutical version of CBD in children with rare forms of epilepsy. The drug is made by GW Pharmaceuticals and is called Epidiolex.

According to the company, the drug consists of “more than 98 percent CBD, trace quantities of some other cannabinoids, and zero THC.” GW Pharmaceuticals makes another cannabis-based drug called Sativex, which has been approved in over 24 countries for treating multiple sclerosis.

A patent awarded to the U.S. Health and Human Services in 2003 (US6630507) also covers the use of CBD as a treatment for various neurodegenerative and inflammatory disorders.